Most of the people have a different view of the matter of oldest universities in the world. Some have the point of view that it is the Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences from Iran that is the oldest university in the word and at the other side, it is being claimed that it is the University of Bologna from Italy. However, when we turn the face towards the Guinness World Records for the correct answers, then the answer by this giant encyclopedia is that it is the University of Karaouine from Morocco that is the oldest university in the world. Maybe you have a different name in your mind, but here we are listing only those oldest universities that are still operational since their date of foundation. Below is the interesting list of oldest universities in the world.
13. University of Macerata
The University of Macerate is the fifth oldest university in the Italy and the 13th oldest in the world. The University of Macerate was founded in 1290 and located in the Macerate city of Italy. The University of Macerate is organized into seven facilities. The university is still operational since its date of foundation and has faced no kind of disruption during his journey of education. Most of the study system of the University of Macerate is based on Italian language study system that’s why it can be said as also oldest one in term of Italian education.
12. University of Valladolid
The foundation date of the University of Valladolid is not confirmed. However, it was founded in the 13th century. It is the first public university in the city of Valladolid. Although the University of Valladolid of was founded in the 13th century, most of the construction work started during the end of the 14th century. Even the first department of the University of Valladolid that was constructed at the end of the 15th century. The University of Valladolid is still operational since its date of foundation. The University of Valladolid is also the second oldest Spanish university.
11. University of Coimbra
Established in 1290, University of Coimbra is among the oldest active universities of the world. The University of Coimbra has the record of being the first oldest university of the Portugal and also the record of the first Portuguese public university as well. The University of Coimbra is located in Portuguese city Coimbra. However, it was initially established in Lisbon. It went through many relocations changes and finally moved to Coimbra in 1537, and since then it is its current location. The University of Coimbra is also regarded as the most cosmopolitan Portuguese university.
10. University of Siena
The University of Siena opened its doors for education in 1240. It is the one of the oldest university in both the world and Italy and also the first public donated university in Italy. The best fact about the University of Siena is that the city in which it is located, Siena, has the total population of 54,000 and the number of students enrolled in University of Siena is 20,000 that is almost half of the Siena’s population. The field of law and medicine are the specialty of the University of Siena. The University of Siena is the tenth-oldest university in the world.
9. University of Naples Federico II
Saying this will not be wrong that the Muslims were the first that brought revolutions in the world of education. Then came the Europe that laid the foundation of next-generation education. In Europe, Italy has its significance. Italy also has the record of holding the ninth oldest university in the world. It is University of Naples Federico II that was founded in 1224 in the Naples city of the Italy. According to the student’s strength, University of Naples Federico II is the third largest university in Italy and also ranked in top 100 regarding research work.
8. University of Padua
The University of Padua is among the list of premier universities in Pakistan. It was established in 1222 in Italy. It started its journey towards education in the field of Law and now is offering various courses. Although, the University of Padua is at the eighth oldest university of the world but is still the first largest university in Italy and also ranked first in Italy in the overall ranking. The University of Padua got popularity because of the decrease in interest by the student of the University of Bologna when they were searching for the better academic place.
7. University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge is the seventh oldest university in the world because of the University of Paris. The University of Paris could be the seventh oldest university, but it is not operational now that’s why its position has been taken by the University of Cambridge. The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209. It also has the record of being the second largest university in the Europe after The University of Oxford. The University of Cambridge also has another record on its name as well, and that is also being the second oldest surviving university in the world in term of English medium of learning.
6. The University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Founded in 1175, the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia is the sixth oldest university in the world. The University of Modena and Reggio Emilia is located in Italy. It is also the second oldest university in Italy and fifth oldest in the Europe. The history of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia is full of a lot of conflicts. However, it was established in 1175, but it remained non-operational for many years as well. But now the current status of the university is that it is the surviving university in the world that’s why the part of the list of oldest universities in the world.
5. University of Salamanca
The University of Salamanca has two records on its name. First it is the fifth oldest university in the world, and secondly, it is the oldest university in Spain and also the oldest university in term of Spanish mode of education. The University of Salamanca has located in Spanish city Salamanca that’s why its name is the University of Salamanca. The University of Salamanca was founded in 1094. There is also a confusion between the University of Salamanca and the University of Oxford for the fourth position as some historians have a point of view that the University of Oxford was founded in 1096.
4. University of Oxford
The interesting fact about the University of Oxford is that it is the oldest university in Europe regarding English medium of education. The date of foundation of the University of Oxford is not sure, but according to many historians, it was established in 1090. Some historians also have the point of view that there is a normal difference between the foundation of University of Bologna and University of Oxford. The University of Oxford is located in the Oxford, English. The University of Oxford is the fourth oldest surviving university in the world.
3. University of Bologna
The University of Bologna is although the third oldest university in the world, it is the first oldest university in the Europe. The University of Bologna was founded in 1088 in Italy. Almost 927 years have been spent, and the University of Bologna is still operational. The University of Bologna is now a chartered public university. The main campus of the university is in Italy, and the branches of the university are in Imola, Ravenna, Sicily, Forli, Cesena, and Rimini and with one branch in abroad in Buenos Aires.
2. Al-Azhar University
Al-Azhar University has opened its doors for education in 970. The Fatimids founded it. The university is still operational. Al-Azhar University holds the record of being the second oldest university in the Muslim world in addition to being the second oldest in the world as a whole. University status was given to the university in 1961 and on that basis, people think that it could not be the oldest university. But if we go through the history then we will come to know that Al-Azhar University was the only oldest university to survive as a modern university including the education of secular subjects.
1. University of Karaouine
The University of Karaouine that is also written as the University of al-Qarawiyyin is the oldest university in the world. It was founded in 859 by the Fatima al-Fihri. The University of Karaouine is located in Fes, Morocco. Well, there are also many oldest universities in the world, but these are no more that’s why they can’t be said of the oldest one now. The University of Karaouine is the oldest existing university in the world that has been continually operating as an educational institute since its foundation date in 859.